A bear is a mechanical element that permits relative apparent motion between two components or parts, such as the quill and housing, with minimal friction .
Bearings are machine elements which are used to support a rotate extremity namely, a shaft. They transmit the warhead from a rotating member to a stationary extremity known as skeletal system or house .
They permit proportional motion of two members in one or two directions with minimal friction, and besides prevent the apparent motion in the direction of the apply load .

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India replaces china as fastest growing bearing market
image001 In share terms, india will post the fastest increase in bearing requirement through 2020. India ’ second motor vehicle and machinery markets are expected to expand substantially, bolstering associate behave demand in original equipment manufacture applications, supporting growth in after- market bearing demand. In general, the strongest sales advances will be in the universe ’ s developing areas, with thailand, taiwan, and mexico besides registering peculiarly robust grocery store gains through 2020 .

Sales growth in a phone number of build up countries, most notably in western europe, will accelerate through 2020. The west european market for bearings has been con- strained in recent years by subpar advances in durables manufacturing output. Japan and south korea will besides register stronger advances in demand than during the 2010-2015 period, with japan recovering from market declines recorded during this span .
Bearings in fart turbines are one area of growth. The renewable energy market probably mature over the adjacent four years with wind leading, and a united states department of energy report wind vision learn scenario projects 10 % of the nation ’ s end-use demand served by wind by 2020, 20 % by 2030, and 35 % by 2050. Analysts expect this to increase turbine construction and the use of high-capacity bearings with it .
Classification of bearing
The bearings are classified broadly into two categories based on the type of contact they have between the rotate and the stationary extremity

  1. Sliding contact
  2. Rolling contact

Motor vehicles & machinery are largest markets
Motor vehicles and machinery are the two largest markets for bearings. Each of these markets utilizes an align of bearing products. however, the fastest increases in future behave demand will come from the smaller, but however significant aerospace and motorcycle markets, with the most marked advances coming in the motorbike market. Motorcycle product, specially that of electric bikes, will pick up significantly through 2020 .
The market for automotive bearings is growing at a pace of about 27 percentage per annum in the year 2005 – 06. This is chiefly because of multiple models in every fomite segment entering the marketplace .
The overall automotive industry has grown at the rate of 34 percentage per annum from the year 2004. Hence, a definite increase in the necessitate for bearings in the oe segment is anticipated. Aftermarket need for automotive bearings is increasing, but at a slower rate as compared to the increase in fomite population. Manufacturers are expecting sustained growth of 15 percentage in the aftermarket chiefly due to increase in population of two wheelers, passenger cars, and utility vehicle segments .
Some of the restraints faced by the bearings manufacturers are long animation due to improved technology, improved fuel quality, and better alimony of the vehicles. This reduces the surrogate rate, which in turn leads to slower emergence in the aftermarket demand. Increase of imports due to a 5 percentage decrease in duty rates is affecting the market for the domestic participants .
vehicle owners prefer imported bearings due to lower costs. Cost deviation is about 50 percentage between the domestic bearings and the import bearings. For exercise, the bearings manufactured in india are priced at Rs.25 and the bearings imported from china are priced at Rs.12 in the year 2004 – 05. There is an increase in imports from taiwan and confederacy korea due to lower costs and greater demand .
There has besides been increase in prices of domestic brands as the cost of production has gone up due to increase in steel prices. indian manufacturers are besides facing a terror from the inauthentic parts manufacturers who manufacture duplicate parts and sell them in the names of both domestic and alien companies. This is the biggest menace to the indian manufacturers as this eats off their partake in the aftermarket and affects their growth.

Cost estimation
implant capacity : 4000.00 nos./day
Land & build ( 8000 sq.mt ) : Rs. 10.86 chromium
Plant & machinery : Rs. 4.80 chromium
Working capital for 2 months : Rs. 12.61 chromium
Total capital investment : Rs. 28.81 chromium
Rate of tax return : 88 %
Break even point : 21 %  
The following contents are covered in the project report of ball bearing

  • Introduction
  • Sliding contact bearing
  • Classification of sliding contact bearing
  • Classification based on type of load carried
  • Classification based on type of lubrication
  • Classification based on lubrication mechanism
  • Advantages of sliding contact bearing
  • Disadvantages of sliding contact bearing
  • Rolling contact bearing
  • Properties
  • Uses and application on the basis of industry
  • On the bases of application
  • i.s. specification
  • Market position – industry overview
  • Global collaboration
  • Global collaboration
  • Analysis of business operation (problem identified)
  • Global manufacturers/suppliers of bearings
  • Process flow chart of ball bearing
  • Manufacturing process of ball bearing
  • Process of inner and outer race
  • Manufacturing process of ball
  • Manufacturing process of cage
  • Rivet manufacturing process of rivet
  • Inspection and testing
  • Process flow chart for roller bearing
  • Manufacturing process of roller bearing
  • Manufacturing process of inner and outer race
  • Manufacturing process of roller
  • Manufacturing process of cage
  • Process flow chart for journal bearing
  • Manufacturing process of journal bearing
  • Plant layout
  • Suppliers of plant and machinery
  • Suppliers of raw materials

Appendix – a:

  1. Cost of plant economics
  2. Land & building
  3. Plant and machinery
  4. Fixed capital investment
  5. Raw material
  6. Salary and wages
  7. Utilities and overheads
  8. Total working capital
  9. Cost of production
  10. Profitability analysis
  11. Break even point
  12. Resources of finance
  13. Interest chart
  14. Depreciation chart
  15. Cash flow statement
  16. Projected balance sheet

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