Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them
Ministry of Magic Classifications
An A–Z of Fantastic Beasts
ABOUT THE AUTHOR
was born in 1897. His interest in fabulous beasts was encouraged by his mother, who was an enthusiastic breeder of fancy Hippogriffs. Upon graduation from Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry, Mr. Scamander joined the Ministry of Magic in the Department for the Regulation and Control of Magical Creatures. After two years at the Office for House-Elf Relocation, years he describes as “ boring in the extreme, ” he was transferred to the Beast Division, where his colossal cognition of bizarre charming animals ensured his rapid forwarding.
Although about entirely responsible for the universe of the Werewolf Register in 1947, he says he is proudest of the Ban on Experimental Breeding, passed in 1965, which efficaciously prevented the universe of modern and untameable monsters within Britain. Mr. Scamander ’ s shape with the Dragon Research and Restraint Bureau led to many research trips abroad, during which he collected information for his worldwide best-seller fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them, now in its fifty-second edition.
Newt Scamander was awarded the Order of Merlin, Second Class, in 1979 in recognition of his services to the study of charming beasts, Magizoology. nowadays retire, he lives in Dorset with his wife Porpentina and their darling Kneazles : Hoppy, Milly, and Mauler.
IWAS DEEPLY HONOURED when Newt Scamander asked me to write the foreword for this identical extra edition of fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them. Newt ’ second masterpiece has been an approve textbook at Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry ever since its publication and must take a hearty sum of recognition for our students ’ systematically eminent results in Care of Magical Creatures examinations – yet it is not a book to be confined to the classroom. No wizarding family is dispatch without a copy of fantastic Beasts, well thumbed by the generations who have riffled its pages in search of the best way to rid the lawn of Horklumps, interpret the doleful cries of the Augurey or cure their pet Puffskein of drinking out of the toilet.
This edition, however, has a loftier aim than the direction of the wizarding community. For the first time in the history of the noble print house of Obscurus, one of its titles is to be made available to Muggles.
The function of Comic Relief U. K. in fighting some of the worst forms of human agony is well known in the Muggle world, so it is to my boyfriend wizards that I now address myself. Know, then, that we are not alone in recognising the curative might of laugh, that Muggles are conversant with it excessively, and that they have harnessed this endowment in a most imaginative way, using it to raise funds with which to help save and better lives – a stigmatize of magic trick to which we all aspire. comedian easing has raised over one billion dollars since 1985 ( that ’ s besides 800 million pounds or 158 million 1,035 Galleons, 8 Sickles and 2 Knuts ).
It is now the wizarding populace ’ s privilege to help Comic Relief U. K. in their enterprise. You hold in your hands a extra of Harry Potter ’ s own copy of fantastic Beasts, complete with his and his friends ’ enlightening notes in the margins. Although Harry seemed a trifle reluctant to allow this book to be reprinted in its portray shape, our friends at Comic Relief U. K. feel that his small additions will add to the entertaining tone of the book. Mr Newt Scamander, long since resigned to the grim graffitiing of his masterpiece, has agreed.
This version of fantastic Beasts will be sold at Flourish and Blotts ampere well as in Muggle bookshops. Wizards wishing to make extra donations should do sol through Gringotts Wizarding Bank ( ask for Griphook ).
All that remains is for me to warn anyone who has read this army for the liberation of rwanda without purchasing this book that it carries a thief ’ mho Curse. I would like to take this opportunity to reassure Muggle purchasers that the amusing creatures described hereinafter are fictional and can not hurt you. To wizards, I say merely : Draco dormiens nunquam titillandus.
ABOUT THIS BOOK
Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them represents the fruit of many years ’ travel and research. I look back across the years to the seven-year-old sorcerer who spent hours in his bedroom dismembering Horklumps and I envy him the journey to come : from darkest hobo camp to brightest abandon, from mountain point to marshy bog, that begrimed Horklump-encrusted boy would track, as he grew up, the beasts described in the follow pages. I have visited lairs, burrows, and nests across five continents, observed the curious habits of charming beasts in a hundred countries, witnessed their powers, gained their believe and, on juncture, beaten them off with my travelling kettle.
The beginning edition of fantastic Beasts was commissioned back in 1918 by Mr. Augustus Worme of Obscurus Books, who was kind enough to ask me whether I would consider writing an authoritative collection of charming creatures for his print house. I was then but a junior-grade Ministry of Magic employee and leap at the luck both to augment my pathetic wage of two Sickles a workweek and to spend my holidays travelling the ball in search of new charming species. The rest is publishing history : fantastic Beasts is nowadays in its fifty-second version.
This introduction is intended to answer a few of the most frequently asked questions that have been arriving in my weekly mailbag ever since this book was first published in 1927. The foremost of these is that most cardinal question of all – what is a “ beast ” ?
WHAT IS A BEAST ?
The definition of a “ beast ” has caused controversy for centuries. Though this might surprise some first-time students of Magizoology, the problem might come into clear concentrate if we take a moment to consider three types of charming animal.
Werewolves spend most of their time as humans ( whether ace or Muggle ). once a calendar month, however, they transform into savage, four-legged beasts of homicidal purpose and no human conscience.
The centaurs ’ habits are not anthropomorphic ; they live in the angry, refuse clothe, prefer to live apart from wizards and Muggles alike, and so far have intelligence peer to theirs.
Trolls bear a android appearance, walk erect, may be taught a few bare words, and yet are less intelligent than the dullest unicorn, and own no charming powers in their own correctly except for their colossal and unnatural force.
We now ask ourselves : which of these creatures is a “ being ” – that is to say, a creature worthy of legal rights and a part in the administration of the charming worldly concern – and which is a “ animal ” ?
early on attempts at deciding which charming creatures should be designated “ beasts ” were highly crude.
Burdock Muldoon, Chief of the Wizards ’ Council1 in the fourteenth hundred, decreed that any member of the charming residential district that walked on two legs would henceforth be granted the status of “ being, ” all others to remain “ beasts. ” In a spirit of friendship he summoned all “ beings ” to meet with the wizards at a peak to discuss newfangled charming laws and found to his acute depress that he had miscalculated. The meet mansion was crammed with goblins who had brought with them as many two-legged creatures as they could find. As Bathilda Bagshot tells us in A History of Magic :
Little could be heard over the gripe of the Diricawls, the groan of the Augureys, and the grim, piercing song of the Fwoopers. As wizards and witches attempted to consult the papers before them, assorted pixies and fairies whirled around their heads, giggling and jabbering. A twelve or thus trolls began to smash apart the chamber with their clubs, while hags glided about the invest in research of children to eat. The Council Chief stood up to open the meet, slipped on a batch of Porlock dung and ran cursing from the hall.
As we see, the mere possession of two legs was no guarantee that a charming creature could or would take an sake in the affairs of sorcerer government. Embittered, Burdock Muldoon forswore any promote attempts to integrate non-wizard members of the charming residential district into the Wizards ’ Council.
Muldoon ’ south successor, Madame Elfrida Clagg, attempted to redefine “ beings ” in the hope of creating closer ties with other charming creatures. “ Beings, ” she declared, were those who could speak the human spit. All those who could make themselves understand to Council members were therefore invited to join the adjacent confluence. once again, however, there were problems. Trolls who had been taught a few dim-witted sentences by the goblins proceeded to destroy the hallway as earlier. Jarveys raced around the Council ’ s president legs, tearing at as many ankles as they could reach. meanwhile a big deputation of ghosts ( who had been barred under Muldoon ’ sulfur leadership on the grounds that they did not walk on two legs, but glided ) attended but left in disgust at what they subsequently termed “ the Council ’ s unashamed vehemence on the needs of the living as opposed to the wishes of the dead. ” The centaurs, who under Muldoon had been classified as “ beasts ” and were immediately under Madame Clagg defined as “ beings, ” refused to attend the Council in protest at the ejection of the merpeople, who were unable to converse in anything except Mermish while above water.
not until 1811 were definitions found that most of the charming community found acceptable. Grogan Stump, the newly appointed Minister for Magic, decreed that a “ being ” was “ any creature that has sufficient intelligence to understand the laws of the charming community and to bear depart of the duty in shaping those laws. ” 2 Troll representatives were questioned in the absence of goblins and judged not to understand anything that was being said to them ; they were therefore classified as “ beasts ” despite their two-legged gait ; merpeople were invited through translators to become “ beings ” for the first clock ; fairies, pixies, and gnomes, despite their android appearance, were placed securely in the “ animal ” class.
Naturally, the matter has not rested there. We are all familiar with the extremists who campaign for the classification of Muggles as “ beasts ” ; we are all mindful that the centaurs have refused “ being ” condition and requested to remain “ beasts ” ; 3 werewolves, meanwhile, have been shunted between the Beast and Being divisions for many years ; at the time of writing there is an office for Werewolf Support Services at the Being Division whereas the Werewolf Registry and Werewolf Capture Unit fall under the Beast Division. Several highly intelligent creatures are classified as “ beasts ” because they are incapable of overcoming their own barbarous natures. Acromantulas and Manticores are adequate to of intelligent speech but will attempt to devour any human that goes near them. The sphinx talks only in puzzles and riddles, and is violent when given the wrong answer.
Wherever there is continue uncertainty about the classification of a beast in the follow pages, I have noted it in the entrance for that animal.
Let us now turn to the one question that witches and wizards ask more than any other when the conversation turns to Magizoology : Why don ’ metric ton Muggles notice these creatures ?
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1 The Wizards ’ Council preceded the Ministry of Magic.
2 An exception was made for the ghosts, who asserted that it was insensitive to class them as “ beings ” when they were so clearly “ has-beens. ” Stump therefore created the three divisions of the Department for the Regulation and Control of Magical Creatures that exist today : the Beast Division, the Being Division, and the Spirit Division.
3 The centaur objected to some of the creatures with whom they were asked to plowshare “ being ” condition, such as hags and vampires, and declared that they would manage their own affairs individually from wizards. A year subsequently the merpeople made the lapp request. The Ministry of Magic accepted their demands reluctantly. Although a Centaur Liaison Office exists in the Beast Division of the Department for the Regulation and Control of Magical Creatures, no centaurus has ever used it. indeed, “ being sent to the Centaur Office ” has become an in-joke at the Department and means that the person in question is shortly to be fired.
Astonishing though it may seem to many wizards, Muggles have not constantly been ignorant of the charming and grotesque creatures that we have worked so long and hard to hide. A glance through Muggle art and literature of the Middle Ages reveals that many of the creatures they now believe to be complex number were then known to be real. The dragon, the gryphon, the unicorn, the phoenix, the centaurus – these and more are represented in Muggle works of that period, though normally with about amusing inexactness.
however, a closer interrogation of Muggle bestiaries of that time period demonstrates that most charming beasts either escaped Muggle poster wholly or were mistaken for something else. Examine this surviving break up of manuscript, written by one Brother Benedict, a franciscan monk from Worcestershire :
Todaye while travailing in the Herbe Garden, I did push apart the basil to discover a Ferret of monstrous size. It did not run nor hide as Ferrets are habit to do, but leapt upon me, throwing me backwards upon the grounde and crying with most abnormal craze, “ Get out of it, baldy ! ” It did then bite my nose thus viciously that I did bleed for several Hours. The Friar was unwillinge to believe that I had met a talking Ferret and did ask me whether I had been supping of Brother Boniface ’ s Turnip Wine. As my nose was still swollen and bloody I was excused Vespers.
Evidently our Muggle friend had unearthed not a ferret, as he supposed, but a Jarvey, most probable in pursuit of its favorite raven, gnomes.
Imperfect understand is frequently more dangerous than ignorance, and the Muggles ’ reverence of magic was undoubtedly increased by their awful of what might be lurking in their herb gardens. Muggle persecution of wizards at this clock was reaching a pitch so far unknown and sightings of such beasts as dragons and Hippogriffs were contributing to Muggle craze.
It is not the draw a bead on of this oeuvre to discuss the dark days that preceded the wizards ’ retreat into hiding.4 All that concerns us here is the destiny of those fabulous beasts that, like ourselves, would have to be concealed if Muggles were ever to be convinced there was no such thing as magic.
The International Confederation of Wizards argued the topic out at their celebrated acme meet of 1692. No fewer than seven weeks of sometimes acrimonious discussion between wizards of all nationalities were devoted to the troublesome question of charming creatures. How many species would we be able to conceal from Muggle notice and which should they be ? Where and how should we hide them ? The debate raged on, some creatures forgetful to the fact that their destiny was being decided, others contributing to the debate.5
At last agreement was reached.6 twenty-seven species, ranging in size from dragons to Bundimuns, were to be hidden from Muggles so as to create the illusion that they had never existed outside the imagination. This phone number was increased over the following hundred, as wizards became more confident in their methods of concealment. In 1750, Clause 73 was inserted in the International Code of Wizarding Secrecy, to which charming ministries worldwide adjust nowadays :
Each wizarding governing body will be creditworthy for the screen, care, and control of all charming beasts, beings, and spirits dwelling within its territory ’ south borders. Should any such animal causal agent damage to, or draw the notice of, the Muggle community, that nation ’ south wizarding governing body will be subject to discipline by the International Confederation of Wizards.
* * *
4 Anyone interest in a full score of this particularly bally period of wizarding history should consult A History of Magic by Bathilda Bagshot ( Little Red Books, 1947 ).
5 Delegations of centaurs, merpeople, and goblins were persuaded to attend the peak.
6 Except by the goblins.
MAGICAL BEASTS IN HIDING
It would be idle to deny that there have been occasional breaches of Clause 73 since it was first put in place. Older british readers will remember the Ilfracombe Incident of 1932, when a rogue Welsh Green dragon swooped down upon a crowd beach full of sunbathing Muggles. Fatalities were mercifully prevented by the brave actions of a holidaying wizarding family ( subsequently awarded Orders of Merlin, First Class ), when they immediately performed the largest batch of memory Charms this century on the inhabitants of Ilfracombe, thus narrowly averting catastrophe.7
The International Confederation of Wizards has had to fine certain nations repeatedly for contravening Clause 73. tibet and Scotland are two of the most dogged offenders. Muggle sightings of the yeti have been so numerous that the International Confederation of Wizards felt it necessity to station an International Task Force in the mountains on a permanent footing. meanwhile the worldly concern ’ sulfur largest kelpy continues to evade capture in Loch Ness and appears to have developed a positive thirst for publicity .
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