former american television series

The X Factor was an american reality television music contest prove created by Simon Cowell and produced by FremantleMedia North America and SYCOtv, a partnership between Cowell and Sony Music Entertainment, which aired on Fox. [ 2 ] Based on the master UK read, and an accession to The X Factor franchise, the series found new sing talent ( alone artists and groups ages 12 and all over ), drawn from public auditions, and they competed against each other for votes. The achiever is determined by the appearance ‘s viewers via telephone, the Internet, and SMS textbook vote, and is awarded a record compress with Cowell ‘s record label Syco Music, worth $ 5 million in seasons one and two, and $ 1 million in season three. America voted for the following winners : Melanie Amaro, Tate Stevens, and Alex & Sierra, respectively. The picture began airing on September 21, 2011, [ 3 ] and aired annually from September through December. The series employs a panel of judges who critique the contestants ‘ performances. Each dissenter is assigned to one of four categories. The group acts are one class and the others are based on historic period or gender. For case, in season 1 the categories were girls, boys, groups, and over 30s. Each estimate was assigned to one of the categories, [ 4 ] and acted as a mentor to the contestants in his or her category, helping with song choices, style, and staging, while besides judging contestants from the other categories after each of the live performances. They competed with each other to try to get one of the contestants in their class to win the rival, thus making them the winning pronounce.

The most successful act to emerge from the series is Fifth Harmony, with all members launching alone careers. [ 5 ] The original estimate gore consisted of Cowell, Paula Abdul, Cheryl Cole, and L.A. Reid, with Nicole Scherzinger and Steve Jones as co-hosts. Scherzinger late replaced Cole on the control panel after two audition sites. Demi Lovato and Britney Spears joined the panel in the moment season as replacements for Abdul and Scherzinger, while Khloé Kardashian and Mario Lopez replaced Jones as co-hosts. Reid and Spears did not return for the third temper and were replaced by Kelly Rowland and Paulina Rubio, while Lopez became lone host after Kardashian was not asked to come back .

announcement and launch.

On January 11, 2010, News Corporation ( via Fox News in the U.S. and The Times in the UK ) reported that Cowell would leave American Idol after season 9 in order to bring The X Factor to the United States in September 2011. Cowell told the Television Critics Association that he was leaving American Idol then that he could judge and act as executive manufacturer of the U.S. interpretation of The X Factor. [ 6 ] Additionally, Cowell signed a long-run contract with Sony Music, who already supported Syco Music artists in the UK, under which he was involved with the production of the U.S. version of the show and besides worked with the artists who won recording contracts. [ 2 ] In November 2010, Fox began airing short commercials for the plan, which displayed the text “ Coming to America Fall 2011 ”. [ 7 ] [ 8 ] The New York Times described the commercials as efforts by the network to set up the launch of The X Factor as a television “ event. ” [ 7 ] In February 2011, during Super Bowl XLV, Fox unveiled the official logo for the read in a promo starring Cowell. [ 9 ] A second promo was shown during the course of that evening, featuring Katy Perry, Justin Bieber, The Black Eyed Peas, Usher, Lady Gaga, the Pussycat Dolls, and Madonna. This promo gave heighten to speculation about who would join Cowell on the X Factor judge empanel. [ 10 ]


In November 2014, it was reported that Cowell was considering re-launching the american version in 2015, though this was proved out of true. [ 11 ] however, Cowell has said he was more than will to give the American version another run, and that they received offers to bring it back on other networks, though he said he would bring it back when there is less contest in the television endowment display landscape. On 19 December 2013, The X Factor USA ceased operations for well .



The show is chiefly concerned with identifying singing endowment, though appearance, personality, stage presence and dancing routines are besides an crucial component of many performances. Each judge is assigned one of four categories, to use their feel to help the artists. For season one, these categories were : “ Boys ” ( aged 12–29 males ), “ Girls ” ( aged 12–29 females ), “ Over 30s ” ( solo acts aged 30 and over ), and “ Groups ” ( including couple ). Season two ‘s categories and age group boundaries were changed, with the “ Boys ” and “ Girls ” categories becoming “ Teens ” ( solo acts aged 12–17 ) and “ Young Adults ” ( solo acts aged 18–24 ), and the “ Over 30s ” became “ Over 25s ” ( solo acts aged 25 and complete ). For both seasons, some groups were formed from soloists and other groups rejected after the hearing process. [ 4 ] Through the live shows, the judges act as mentors to their category, helping to decide song choices, style, and staging, while judging contestants from other categories .

Stages for seasons 1 and 2.

There are five stages to the competition :

  • Stage 1: Producers’ auditions (these auditions decide who will sing in front of the judges)
  • Stage 2: Judges’ auditions
  • Stage 3: Boot camp
  • Stage 4: Judges’ houses
  • Stage 5: Live shows (finals)

Stages for season 3.

There are four stages to the contest :

  • Stage 1: Producers’ audition (these auditions decide who will sing in front of the judges)
  • Stage 2: Judges’ auditions
  • Stage 3: Four-chair challenge
  • Stage 4: Live shows (finals)


The show is open to solo artists and vocal groups aged 12 and above, with no upper age specify. [ 12 ] [ 13 ] Applicants are given an opportunity to apply by uploading a video audition to the Internet. The picture ‘s producers besides send a “ mobile hearing van ” to versatile locations throughout the U.S. to audition singers who are unable to attend the arena auditions. A round of first auditions is held in presence of producers months before the show is aired, some by application and appointment, and others in “ clear ” auditions that anyone can attend. These auditions, held at diverse venues around the U.S., attract very large crowd. The producers ‘ auditions are not televised, but shots of crowd wave and “ judges ‘ cars ” arriving are filmed and late spliced in with the telecast auditions shot late in the class. After waiting at the venue for hours ( during which crews film more shots of crowd screaming and roll ), each candidate is given a brief hearing by person from the production team. If they pass that audition ( either because of their talent or because the producers think they will make harbor television ), they are given a “ golden ticket ” that allows them to audition for a more elder member of the output team. lone candidates who successfully pass this second audition ( and then a third along similar lines ) are invited to perform in presence of the judges. ( The televised adaptation deceptively gives the impression that everyone in the huge herd shown is waiting for a opportunity to perform for the judges. ) A excerpt of the auditions in front of the judges – normally the best, the worst and the most bizarre – are broadcast during the first few weeks of the express. The judges ‘ auditions are held in front of a live consultation, and the acts sing over a back racetrack. If a majority of the judges ( in this case, at least three judges ) have to say “ yes ” then the act goes through to the future stage, otherwise, they are station home plate .

Boot camp and judges ‘ houses.

In the first base two seasons, The contestants selected at the auditions were far refined through a series of performances at “ boot camp ”, and then at the “ judges ‘ houses ”, until a small number finally progressed to the live finals ( seventeen in season 1, and sixteen in season 2 ). At boot camp, the judges collaboratively chose a humble number of acts ( 32 in season 1 with eight in each class ; 24 in season 2 with six in each category ) for the adjacent circle, “ judges ‘ houses ”. The producers then assigned each of the judges a category to mentor, and the judges split up for the “ judges ‘ houses ” round, in which each of them hosted the contestants in their assign class at a deluxe mansion, often scattered around the earth. The houses the contestants visited did not in every case actually belong to the judges, some were rented for the occasion. The contestants did not know who their mentor would be until they arrived at that judge ‘s house. During this polish, each evaluate held another round of auditions on localization, and then far reduced the number of acts with the help oneself of a celebrity guest. In season three, these stages of the competition are being replaced by a newfangled phase called “ The Six-Chair Challenge ”, first introduced in the dutch adaptation of the series. [ 14 ]

live shows.

CBS Television City The selected finalists ( either 16 or 17 acts ) move into shared accommodation at the Hollywood Hills to take part in the show. The sign of the zodiac is besides notably used for housing the finalists from American Idol. [ 15 ] The finals consist of a series of two be shows, the first featuring the contestants ‘ performances and the second revealing the results of the public vote, culminating in one or more acts being eliminated. Celebrity guest performers besides feature regularly. These survive shows are filmed at CBS Television City in Los Angeles, California. The performance shows are broadcast on Wednesday nights and the results show on Thursday nights. In season one, seventeen acts were put through to the live shows, and sixteen acts were put through in season two. In addition to the live circulate on Fox, Sony and SYCOtv created a completely integrated second-screen experience and a Pepsi sponsored live digital pre-show known as The X Factor Digital Experience. In summation to watching the program live on television receiver, the consultation was nowadays able to participate on multiple platforms in real-time. [ 16 ] [ 17 ]


The show is primarily concerned with identifying a potential pop star or ace group, and singing endowment, appearance, personality, degree bearing and dance routines are all authoritative elements of the contestants ‘ performances. In the initial live shows, each act performs once in the first gear show in front of a studio apartment audience and the judges, normally singing over a pre-recorded backing track. Dancers are besides normally featured. Acts occasionally accompany themselves on guitar or piano. Each know picture has had a unlike composition ; each contestant ‘s song is chosen according to the theme. After each act has performed, the judges comment on their performance. Heated disagreements, normally involving judges defending their contestants against criticism, are a regular feature of speech of the express. once all the acts have appeared, the telephone lines outdoors and the viewing public vote on which act they want to keep. Once the phone number of contestants has been reduced to five ( season 1 ), or six ( temper 2 ), each act would perform twice in the performances show. This continues until only three acts remain. These acts go on to appear in the grand piano final examination which decides the overall winner by populace right to vote .


Before the results are announced, the results show occasionally begins with a group operation from the remaining contestants. however, the song is pre-recorded and the contestants mime, due to problems with the number of microphones. [ citation needed ] The two acts polling the fewest votes are revealed. Both these acts perform again in a “ final confrontation ”, and the judges vote on which of the two to send home. They were able to pick modern songs to perform in the “ final confrontation ”. “ double elimination ” took place in some of the results show, where the bottom three acts were revealed and the dissemble with the fewest votes was automatically eliminated, and the two with the adjacent fewest votes performed in the “ concluding confrontation ” as normal. In season two, at the end of each resultant role indicate, the rankings of the acts based on the public votes were announced. Ties are potential as there are four judges voting on which of the two to send home. In the event of a marry, the consequence goes to deadlock, and the act who finished last in the public right to vote is sent home. The actual number of votes cast for each work is not revealed, nor even the order until after the season ‘s stopping point. however, a twist occurred in temper two where the rankings of the acts based on the public right to vote for the workweek were revealed after the eliminations on the testify. Once the count of contestants has been reduced to four, the act which received the lowest count votes is automatically eliminated from the contest ( the judges do not have a vote ; their only function is to comment on the performances ) .


Season Twist
One At the end of judges’ houses, it was announced that Cowell would bring back one further act from his “Girls” category that he had eliminated at the judges’ houses. He believed that he had made “a huge mistake” at judges’ houses by not choosing the act for the live shows. The act was later revealed to be Melanie Amaro and therefore season one had a final 17 instead of a final 16. On the first live show, there was no public vote. Instead, each of the judges selected one of their own acts to eliminate. Cowell had to eliminate two acts because he included Amaro as a fifth contestant in his category.
Two Similar to season one, there was no public vote on the first live show and each of the mentors selected one of their own acts to eliminate. However, prior to the elimination of each category, each mentor selected two finalists from their own category as the bottom two. The bottom two acts performed another song of their choice in the “final showdown” and their mentor was required to eliminate one of them based on the performance. At the start of the second live show, it was announced that all judges agreed to bring back one further act whom they felt should not have been eliminated on the first live show by the mentor. The act was later revealed to be Diamond White.
Three Just like the previous two seasons, there was no public vote or final showdown during the first live show. Instead, each of the judges selected one of their own acts to eliminate. At the start of the second live show, it was announced that all judges agreed to bring back one further act whom they felt should not have been eliminated on the first live show by the mentor. The act was later revealed to be Josh Levi.

After The X Factor.

The winner of the rival is awarded a record abridge with Syco Music in association with Sony Music Entertainment, which would include cash payments totaling $ 5 million. [ 12 ] [ 13 ] A press free on behalf of the display on February 7, 2011 called the read compress “ the largest guarantee choice in television history. ” [ 18 ] Unlike the british translation of the usher, [ 19 ] the costs of recording and marketing the winning artist will be paid for individually from the $ 5 million initial compress payment. The $ 5 million will be paid directly to the winner in five annual installments of $ 1 million. Cowell said in a conference cry with reporters on February 7, 2011 : “ I think it should be a life-changing choice and precisely to be clearly, this is n’t a dressed $ 5 million, this is a guarantee $ 5 million account payable to the winner. The recording, marketing, and television costs are wholly distinguish to that. It will be paid over five years at $ 1 million a year. ” [ 20 ] Cowell said in the like conference call that the specific music tag within the Sony class that the winner signs with depends on which pronounce could provide the best support to the achiever with respect to the type of music the winner chooses to perform.

Series overview.

To date, three seasons have been broadcast, as summarized below. Act mentored by Simon Cowell
Act mentored by L.A. Reid
Act mentored by Nicole Scherzinger
Act mentored by Paula Abdul
Act mentored by Britney Spears
Act mentored by Demi Lovato
Act mentored by Kelly Rowland
Act mentored by Paulina Rubio


Judges and hosts.


At the meter of announcing the U.S. translation of The X Factor, Simon Cowell was the only confirm evaluator for the testify. [ 21 ] He former said that he was taking the choices of whom to join him on the show very seriously, saying, “ It ‘s pointless hire judges who do n’t know anything about the music business. I ‘ll credibly go and find person who did what I did for a support. I was an A & R guy for 20 years. ” [ 22 ] Eventually, Grammy Award -winning record executive, songwriter, and record producer L.A. Reid, [ 23 ] [ 24 ] former The X Factor UK judge Cheryl Cole, [ 25 ] [ 26 ] and Cowell ‘s former American Idol colleague Paula Abdul [ 27 ] were confirmed to join Cowell in the evaluate gore. Cole was dropped from the display after two sets of auditions and was replaced by co-host Nicole Scherzinger from the Newark auditions. After temper one, the appearance ‘s producers had said that they would undergo some changes which resulted in, what media outlets called, an “ ten Factor Shake-up ”. On January 30, 2012, it was announced that neither Abdul nor Scherzinger would return as a judge for season two with Scherzinger transferring to the UK testify for the 2012 UK series to replace Kelly Rowland. [ 28 ] When searching for replacements, Cowell sought to hire start star Britney Spears as Scherzinger ‘s substitution. After months of negotiations, Cowell and Spears came to an agreement for season two. Following the use of Spears, Cowell was looking for a unseasoned ace, in arrange to bring in a younger audience. On May 14, it was confirmed that Demi Lovato was one of the new judges. On December 13, 2012, Reid announced that he would not be returning as a judge for a one-third season, rather opting to focus on Epic Records. Spears announced on January 11, 2013, that she would not be renewing her shrink for another season, opting to focus on recording her eighth studio album. In March 2013, Lovato was announced to be joining Cowell on the panel again for season three. In April 2013, it was reported that former evaluate on The X Factor UK Kelly Rowland was the front-runner to replace Reid. In May, it was formally confirmed that Rowland and Paulina Rubio would join Cowell and Lovato for season three. [ 29 ]


Cowell initially indicated that The X Factor may have two hosts. [ 30 ] [ 31 ] numerous people were speculated to host the serial, including High School Musical headliner Corbin Bleu, exemplar Marisa Miller, [ 32 ] and Dermot O’Leary, host of the UK translation. [ 33 ] On May 8, 2011, Nicole Scherzinger and Welsh presenter Steve Jones were announced as co-hosts of the express. [ 34 ] [ 35 ] however, following the departure of judge Cheryl in season one, Scherzinger took her set and Jones became sole server. After temper one, Jones followed Scherzinger and judge Paula Abdul out the door as they were all dismissed from their duties on the show. Reports on who was going to replace Jones as the host circulated for months. Reality star Khloé Kardashian and Extra host Mario Lopez were confirmed as the two hosts hired. The season two auditions, kick camp, and judges ‘ houses phases of the picture went on without hosts as they were not yet confirmed. On April 22, 2013, Fox announced that Lopez would return as exclusive host for season three after Kardashian was not asked back as co-host. [ 36 ]

Judges ‘ categories and their contestants.

In each season, each evaluate is allocated a class to mentor and chooses a small number of acts ( four or five, depending on the season ) to progress to the know finals. This mesa shows, for each temper, which category each evaluator was allocated and which acts he or she put through to the survive finals .

– Winning judge/category. Winners are in bold, eliminated contestants in small font.

The Pepsi Pre-show Live is a podcast, sponsored by Pepsi, that is broadcast through the X Factor website one hour before every episode in the live rounds of the picture. This program features behind-the-scenes looks backstage, acoustic performances, and interviews with celebrities, judges, contestants, and X Factor alumnus. This program is hosted by Jesse Giddings, Adrienne Bailon, and Jim Cantiello .


television ratings.

seasonal worker rankings ( based on average full viewers per episode ) of The X Factor on Fox .

Each U.S. network television season starts in late September and ends in late May, which coincides with the completion of May sweeps.
Season Premiered Ended TV season Timeslot (ET) Season
Date Viewers
(in millions)
Date Viewers
(in millions)
1 September 21, 2011 12.49 Final performances:
December 21, 2011
12.67 2011–12 Wednesday 8:00 pm
(performance show)
19 [37][38]
Season finale:
December 22, 2011
12.57 Thursday 8:00 pm
(results show)
2 September 12, 2012 8.73 Final performances:
December 19, 2012
8.35 2012–13 Wednesday 8:00 pm
(performance show)
39 [39][40]
Season finale:
December 20, 2012
9.65 Thursday 8:00 pm
(results show)
3 September 11, 2013 6.45 Final performances:
December 18, 2013
5.04 2013–14 Wednesday 8:00 pm
(performance show)
61 [41]
Season finale:
December 19, 2013
6.22 Thursday 8:00 pm
(results show)

The show was besides broadcast on ITV2 in the unify Kingdom, season 1 proved popular launch good 1 day after the american launching date

Awards and nominations.

At the 2012 Teen Choice Awards, The X Factor beat rival shows American Idol and The Voice to take the award for Reality Competition Show. The X Factor besides won the award for Breakout Show, and Simon Cowell won the Male Personality award .

Year Association Category Nominee Result
2012 Teen Choice Awards Reality Competition Show The X Factor Won
Breakout Show The X Factor Won
Male Personality Simon Cowell Won
Female Reality Star Melanie Amaro Nominated
2013 People’s Choice Awards Favorite TV Competition Show The X Factor Won
Favorite Celebrity Judge Demi Lovato Won
Britney Spears Nominated
Kids’ Choice Awards Favorite Villain Simon Cowell Won
Teen Choice Awards Reality Competition Show The X Factor Won
Female Artist Demi Lovato Won
Female Hottie Demi Lovato Nominated
Smile Demi Lovato Nominated
Male Personality Simon Cowell Won
Female Personality Demi Lovato Won
Breakout Group Emblem3 Won
Choice Style Icon Demi Lovato Won
Choice Single: Female Artist Demi Lovato Won


On February 7, 2014, Fox announced that The X Factor would not be renewed for a fourthly season, following Cowell ‘s decisiveness to return to the UK prove for the 2014 UK series. [ 42 ] Cowell late said he would consider rebooting the show if the reality television receiver singing competition landscape became less competitive. [ 43 ]


In the quarter-final of season one, Scherzinger voted to eliminate contestant Rachel Crow from the prove over Marcus Canty ; this sent the consequence to deadlock. Following this, Crow was eliminated and Scherzinger was booed off the stage and her future on the show was put in hazard. [ 44 ] She subsequently received death threats from some viewers. [ 45 ] Scherzinger had been proven to be a unpopular evaluator, with her performance during the season being panned by critics, ampere well as controversy even before the display air, regarding her supplant Cheryl Cole on the estimate control panel. [ 46 ] [ 47 ] Scherzinger was let go at the end of the season and late transferred to the UK show to replace Kelly Rowland for the 2012 UK series. On the UK show, Scherzinger became a more popular and successful estimate. The air of the season two judges ‘ houses episode on October 17, 2012 was cut short abruptly in the middle of Lovato ‘s selection for the top 16 to return to MLB on Fox coverage of Game 3 of the 2012 National League Championship Series, which had been in a drawn-out rain delay and restarted ( the game started at 4 p.m. ET so that Fox could run their primetime batting order upon the game ‘s completion ). [ 48 ] After spectator complaints and a Twitter message from Cowell that consisted of his reaction being “ It ‘s what ‘s known as a sum fluorine up, ” the sequence was re-aired the next week in full moon. In temper three, ascribable to graphics errors made in the top 13 attack of the live shows regarding vote, all vote results posted in that episode were invalidated, and the contestants sang once more in November 7, 2013, show, with the results revealed on November 13. [ 49 ]

music releases by The X Factor contestants.

International broadcasts.

Following the announcement of the picture coming to America, respective other broadcasters around the worldly concern expressed concern in acquiring the rights to show the american version of the indicate in their state. The below-mentioned countries may have their own adaptation of The X Factor, dubbed equally or under another name .
On January 7, 2011, Fox, SYCOtv and FremantleMedia North America announced that Pepsi would be the official patronize of The X Factor. [ 4 ] [ 7 ] The sponsorship included an extensive multi-platform on and off-air market partnership. [ 4 ] On June 9, Chevrolet was announced as the second official patronize of the picture. Chevrolet ‘s sponsorship would besides include an extensive multi-platform on and off-air marketing partnership. [ 57 ] Sony was confirmed as the third gear official sponsor on July 26. Sony ‘s sponsorship of The X Factor would besides include an extensive multi-platform on and off-air selling partnership. [ 58 ] Verizon besides sponsored the show ; they were the official wireless presenter. [ 59 ] In 2012, the display was the second-highest tax income earning display of the year, with US $ 5.55 million ad tax income per half-hour, behind American Idol. [ 60 ] For the third season, Honda and Procter & Gamble replaced the former major sponsors of the usher, with Procter & Gamble using it as a platform to promote its CoverGirl, Herbal Essences and Secret personal wish brands. [ 61 ]


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