About Cartilage Regeneration Stem Cell Treatment
This information is intended for cosmopolitan information merely and should not be considered as medical advice on the separate of Health-Tourism.com. Any decision on aesculapian treatments, after-care or recovery should be done entirely upon proper consultation and advice of a qualify doctor .
What is cartilage?
cartilage is a smooth elastic so far bouncy tissue. It provides a rubber-like pad which protects the end of joints. It is a structural part of the ear, ribcage, nuzzle, invertebral disk, bronchial tube and much more. cartilage is stiffer than a muscle, but not a rigid as a bone. cartilage is made up of chondrocytes, which are specialize cells that produce abundant ground substance and collagenous extracellular matrix. cartilage is avascular and aneural ; it does not contain nerves or blood vessels. cartilage does not repair .
Functions of cartilage cartilage has the main serve of holding tubes in the body open. Examples include the :
- Ala of the nostrils
- Rings of the trachea
- Torus tuberous
- Cricoids cartilage
- Pinna of the ear
Types of cartilage There are three types of cartilage which are differentiated by the relative amounts of proteoglycan and collagen present. They include :
- Elastic cartilage
- Hyaline cartilage
What is cartilage damage? cartilage lacks its own blood issue and because of that, it is extremely hard to duplicate or restore once damaged. cartilage regeneration is normally done for joints that have healthy but damaged cartilage. Cartilage damage is normally caused by :
- Congenital abnormalities such as misalignment
- Injuries such as sports injuries
- Hormonal or idiopathic disorders which affect joint and bone development
- Repetitive use of the joint
- If cartilage is worn or damaged, it causes the joint to become stiff and painful. It also reduces the range of movement. In cases where the cartilage is completely worn away, the affected joints are left without a cushion and rub against each other.
- Due to stress on the ends of bones, bone spurs or osteophytes may also form at the joint margins. This results in poor function, loss of movement and significant pain.
- Cartilage damage can begin as a ‘pothole’ or cartilage lesion. If left untreated, it enlarges with time until all surrounding cartilage is worn away.
- Because cartilage has a very small ability to repair itself, untreated lesions even when small can lead to osteoarthritis.
Can stem cells be used to regenerate cartilage? Stem cells are cells produce in the cram marrow which has the ability to differentiate into different cells and help in positive feedback of weave. Mesenchymal stem cells can naturally differentiate into hempen weave, bone, and cartilage. The most park shank cells used today are bone marrow and fatten. presently there is testify that bone marrow mesenchymal stalk cells can regenerate cartilage better than adipose tissue mesenchymal stem cells.
modern procedures for cartilage re-formation use stem cells and techniques that are particularly designed to heal the cartilage defect .
Advantages of using stem cells for cartilage regeneration
- Inflammation is controlled
- Helpful growth factors are released which help in repair
- Damaged or dying cell are recharged
- Stem cells help other cells produce proteins which help initiate repair
Complications of cartilage damage
- Further deterioration of the joint and osteoarthritis if articular cartilage is affected
- Breathing problems if the airway cartilage is damaged
- Cosmetic problems if cartilage of the nose or ear is affected