American record executive ( behave 1956 )

Antonio MarquisL.A.Reid ( born June 7, 1956 ) [ 1 ] is an american english record administrator, A & R example, and phonograph record producer. He is the founder and serves as co-chairman of Hitco Entertainment. [ 2 ] He besides previously served as the chair and CEO of Epic Records and The Island Def Jam Music Group, ampere well as the president of the united states and CEO of Arista Records. early in his career he was a musician, joining the Ohio R & B bands pure Essence in 1973, and The Deele ( with future business collaborator Babyface ) in 1981 as a drummer. Reid besides has an offer musical career serving as a record producer, programmer, and musician for diverse recording artists. He besides founded Hitco Music Publishing in 1996 equally well as co-founded LaFace Records with producing collaborator Kenneth “ Babyface ” Edmonds. [ 3 ] [ 4 ] Reid appeared as a evaluate on the first two seasons of the U.S. version of the television receiver display The X Factor, [ 5 ] [ 6 ] [ 7 ] after which he focused on the release of Xscape, the posthumous album by american singer-songwriter Michael Jackson. [ 8 ]

Reid has won three Grammy Awards, including as a songwriter for Boyz II Men ‘s “ end of the Road “. [ 9 ] His life is documented in his 2016 memoir Sing to Me: My Story of Making Music, Finding Magic, and Searching for Who’s Next, which besides made the New York Times best seller list. [ 10 ]

career.

Beginnings.

Reid began his music career as a drummer, with his foremost appearance on criminal record being with the Cincinnati funk rock kit Pure Essence. Pure Essence released one lone 45 in the mid- 1970s. They subsequently appeared on local FM rock radio station WEBN ‘s second annual LP compilation, but the group was renamed ‘Essence ‘. Reid would experience more mainstream success when he became a extremity of the 1980s R & B band The Deele, best known for their 1988 hit “ Two Occasions “, a song on their third base album Eyes of a Stranger. The isthmus had broken up before the success of the unmarried, then reunited to promote “ Two Occasions ” as it rose up the charts under Dick Griffey ‘s solar Records. The song peaked at total 10 on the Billboard Hot 100. [ 11 ]

1989–2004 : LaFace Records and Arista years.

After The Deele disbanded, Reid and bandmate Kenneth “ Babyface ” Edmonds founded LaFace in 1989 through a joint venture with Arista Records, with financing from Arista Records creator Clive Davis. [ 12 ] The label soon became one of the prime minister destinations for popular african-american entertainers who created Black Pop music that was easily accessible to both Urban and Top 40 radio formats. Reid signed 14-year-old Usher to the pronounce, whose six album releases have sold 65 million units cosmopolitan. [ 13 ] other popular acts on the label during its peak include Toni Braxton, TLC, and Outkast. Both TLC and Toni Braxton went on to sell more than 65 million records each. initially headquartered in Atlanta, the label played a meaning function in developing the city ‘s music industry. [ 12 ]

Hitco Publishing Group

Reid formed the Hitco Publishing Group in 1996, as a joint venture with Windswept Music. [ 14 ] While starting up Hitco, Reid, looking to connect to a newly grocery store of producers, songwriters and endowment, hired Shakir Stewart whom he saw as person with “ a finger on the pulse of the future generation of hot producers in the Atlanta music scenery ”. [ 15 ] Shakir ‘s first job in the music industry was as a creative executive at Hitco ; he went on to become a senior frailty president of the united states at Island Def Jam Music Group. [ 15 ]

“ The most vital lesson [ Reid has ] learned from 22 years working at read companies ? ‘That you keep the doors loose and the lights on and a leading will walk in, ‘ he says. ‘I learned to stay in business. People are still buying music, dancing to it and dressing like it. They ‘re using it to sell cars and CoverGirl constitution, so we sell product lines with our artists. The popularity of music is at an all-time high. How we monetize it is sometimes a moving target. ‘ ”

L.A. Reid, regarding the challenge in marketing current music artists, as quoted in The Hollywood Reporter, February 9, 2011. [ 13 ]
In May 2000, Edmonds and Reid sold their remain 50 % stake in LaFace to parent company BMG. The label became an imprint of Arista Records, with Arista taking on sales, market, and promotional duties for its acts. At this time, Reid besides succeeded Clive Davis as president of the united states of Arista Records. [ 16 ] In 2000, LaFace was merged into Arista Records with Reid being promoted to president and CEO of Arista Records. In 1997 Reid attended the Harvard Business School six-week Advanced Management Program, in cooking to become CEO of Arista Records. [ 17 ] In 2000, Reid signed his first unknown artists, Latin rapper Havana Mena and pop/rocker Avril Lavigne, to Arista. Avril Lavigne ‘s debut album Let Go sold 6 million copies in the United States. As president of Arista Records, Reid signed artists such as Pink ( whose November 2001 album Missundaztood sold 5 million copies in the US ) and Ciara ( whose September 2004 debut album Goodies sold 2.5 million copies in the US ). [ 18 ] Under Reid ‘s tenure at Arista, Usher ( whom Reid primitively signed at LaFace ) completed production on his multi-platinum hit 2004 album Confessions, which went on to spawn four No. 1 reach singles and sell 10 million copies in the United States alone. Outkast ‘s Speakerboxxx/The Love Below sold more than 10 million copies and won a Grammy Award for Album of the year. [ citation needed ]

2004–2012 : Island Def Jam Music Group and The X Factor.

Following the fusion of Sony and BMG, L.A. Reid was released from his sign at Arista in 2004 and became the chair and CEO of The Island Def Jam Music Group in February 2004. Reid is noted for bringing Mariah Carey ‘s career rear to prominence with her multi-platinum 2005 album The Emancipation of Mimi after her career had stalled from 2001 to 2003 with less than stellar sales and general miss of populace sake for her two previous projects, Glitter and Charmbracelet. [ citation needed ] Reid besides played a function in the successes of artists such as Kanye West, Rihanna, Bon Jovi, and Justin Bieber and was credited for the musical rejoinder of Jennifer Lopez with her 2011 album Love?. [ citation needed ] Reid stepped down as Chairman/CEO of Island Def Jam in March 2011. [ 19 ] In early 2011 Reid became a judge on the U.S. version of the british television singing competition The X Factor, alongside its godhead and early American Idol judge Simon Cowell, 80s pop leading Paula Abdul and former Pussycat Dolls singer Nicole Scherzinger, who replaced british recording artist Cheryl Cole. [ 6 ] [ 7 ]
The Emancipation of Mimi release party in 2005 reid with Mariah Carey atrelease party in 2005 Reid was assigned the Boys class throughout the contest, aided by ally and singer Rihanna at the Judges ‘ Houses stage of the contest in The Hamptons. His final four acts were Marcus Canty, Chris Rene, Astro and Phillip Lomax. Lomax was eliminated on week one of the Live Shows, with Astro being eliminated on week six. Marcus Canty came fourth in the competition and was eliminated by the public vote in the semi-final ( week eight ). Chris Rene was Reid ‘s most successful act who came third overall in the competition, bested by Josh Krajcik ( who was mentored by Nicole Scherzinger ) in second place and Melanie Amaro ( mentored by Simon Cowell ) who won the usher. After the temper ended, Reid worked with Astro, Marcus Canty and Chris Rene on their music careers. [ citation needed ]

In July 2011, Reid became the president and CEO of Epic Records. The label ‘s roll included assorted former Jive Records artists. [ 3 ] [ 4 ] [ 20 ] In September 2012, Reid returned for The X Factor’ mho second season along with Simon Cowell, while Nicole Scherzinger and Paula Abdul were axed from the empanel, along with Season 1 master of ceremonies Steve Jones. Joining the evaluate panel were new judges Britney Spears and Demi Lovato, while Khloé Kardashian and Mario Lopez replaced Jones as co-hosts. Reid ‘s team of finalists in the “ over 25 ‘s ” included Tate Stevens, the achiever of the season. [ citation needed ] Reid announced in December 2012 that he would not return for the third gear season in 2013 and was replaced by former judge of The X Factor UK, Kelly Rowland. [ 21 ]

2013–2017 : Memoir, Xscape album, Epic Records.

One of the projects that Reid embarked on following his scrimp on The X Factor, was remaking Michael Jackson songs after his death with the album Xscape, released May 2014. [ 8 ] Reid went through 40 years of tracks catalogued by the Jackson estate, and eight tracks of Jackson vocals set to new music from Timbaland and J-Roc, Rodney Jerkins, Stargate and John McClain, the early A & M Records executive who is co-executor of the Jackson estate of the realm with John Branca. The originals they worked with were recorded by Michael Jackson from 1983 to 1999, the period just after Thriller and before Invincible. [ 8 ] Xscape earned Gold documentation. [ 22 ] In 2016, Reid published the memoir Sing to Me: My Story of Making Music, Finding Magic, and Searching for Who’s Next. [ 10 ] The bible received favorable reviews. Soul Train wrote : “ In Sing to Me: My Story of Making Music, Finding Magic, and Searching for Who’s Next, his memoir written with Joel Selvin, Reid vividly takes readers on a musical travel via fascinating stories and rare photos that chronicle his meek beginnings as a young musician in Cincinnati, to his celebrated and adventurous path to becoming one of the most successful music executives in history. [ 23 ] Under Reid, Epic had four albums debut at No. 1 : future, DJ Khaled, Travis Scott, and the final album from A Tribe Called Quest. [ 24 ] [ 25 ] [ 26 ] [ 27 ] On March 3, 2017 future became the only artist on the Billboard charts to release back-to-back albums that debuted at count 1. [ 28 ] While at Epic, Reid established the label as a hub for hip-hop acts such as Future, Travis Scott, DJ Khaled, and had significant success with pop artists including Meghan Trainor and Fifth Harmony. During his tenure, Epic grew its market plowshare to 3.63 percentage, up from 2.56 percentage when he took over in 2011. [ 29 ] [ 30 ] Reid is the co-author ( with Joel Selvin ) of The New York Times best seller [ 31 ] Sing to Me: My Story of Making Music, Finding Magic, and Searching for Who’s Next. [ 32 ] In May 2017, it was announced that Reid would exit his post at Epic Records following an accusation of illegitimate behavior by a female colleague. [ 33 ] In reaction Reid stated : “ I ‘m gallant of my track record promote, supporting and uplift women at every company I ‘ve ever run. That notwithstanding, if I have ever said anything adequate to of being misinterpreted, I apologize unreservedly. ” [ 34 ] [ 35 ] [ 36 ]

2018 to present ; Hitco Entertainment.

In 2018, Reid became laminitis and co-chairman of Hitco Entertainment, LLC with Charles Goldstuck, the former Chairman and CEO of TouchTunes Interactive Networks. Formed in January 2018, the company has offices in Los Angeles, New York and Atlanta and has signed over 15 artists including platinum-selling acts boastfully Boi ( of Outkast ) and Dinah Jane of Fifth Harmony ; [ 37 ] the beginning liberation is a modern album from Big Boi of Outkast. [ 38 ] [ 39 ] [ 40 ] [ 41 ] In April 2018, Empire Distribution, the San Francisco-based autonomous music company founded by Ghazi Shami, announced that it will provide distribution services to Hitco for their foremost newfangled album dismissal for Big Boi. [ 42 ] [ 43 ] In August 2018, Hitco held The Hit List case in New York City with performances by Hitco artists including Yella Beezy. Hitco ‘s murder, Yella Beezy ‘s “ That ‘s on Me ”, reached No. 1 at Urban Radio and Top 20 at Rhythm in September & has since went on to sell over 2 million copies worldwide. [ 44 ] Songwriter Delacey, who has written for the likes of Halsey and Zara Larsson, joined the Hitco roll as a solo artist releasing “ My man, ” in March 2019. [ 45 ] besides in March, Jennifer Lopez premiered the unmarried “ Medicine “ featuring french Montana, her first dismissal with Reid ‘s Hitco Entertainment pronounce. [ 46 ]

discography.

Awards and recognition.

On August 30, 2006, L.A. Reid, along with Babyface, was honored as a BMI Icon at the 6th annual BMI Urban Awards. As of 2006, he has won 18 BMI awards. [ 47 ] together with Babyface, Reid has produced and/or co-written penning numerous R & B hits, racking up over 40 No. 1 singles. [ 48 ] Reid was honored with the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences ‘ President ‘s Merit Award at the Grammy toast to Industry Icons celebration on February 9, 2013, the day prior to the fifty-fifth Grammy Awards. [ 49 ] Reid is besides a 3 time Grammy Award winner. In 2014, Reid received the Harvard University Alumni Award of Excellence in Media. In March 2016, Reid, received an award from BET Honors for The Business of Entertainment Award. [ 50 ]

philanthropy.

In 2006, Reid was noted for his philanthropic efforts to bring arts programs to urban youth at the Art for Life Palm Beach fundraiser hosted by Russel Simmons. [ 51 ] That year he besides received the UJA-Federation of New York ‘s Music Visionary Award. [ 52 ] He has besides been involved with the taste of Hope event for the City of Hope constitution [ 53 ] and the Robin Hood Foundation. [ 54 ] In 2008 Reid wrote and co-produced the song “ just Stand Up ” for the television receiver particular Stand Up To Cancer, which was performed by artists including Mariah Carey, Beyonce, Mary J. Blige, Rihanna, Fergie, Sheryl Crow, Miley Cyrus, Melissa Etheridge, Ashanti, Natasha Bedingfield, Keyshia Cole, Ciara, Leona Lewis, LeAnn Rimes, and Carrie Underwood. The record sales for the single were donated to the show ‘s eponymous constitution. [ 55 ] In 2009, Reid received the Spirit of Compassion Award from UNICEF. [ 56 ]

personal life.

Reid has a son named Antonio M. Reid, Jr., born in 1978, from a previous relationship. [ 57 ] He married Perri “ Pebbles ” Reid in 1989 ; this union produced a son, Aaron Alexander, in November 1989. Reid and Pebbles divorced in 1996. [ 58 ] [ 59 ] In 2000 he married Erica Holton. [ 60 ] They have two children. [ 61 ] [ 59 ]

References.

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