Iranian-American-Belgian transhumanist philosopher and futurist
FM-2030 ( primitively born as Fereidoun M. Esfandiary ; irani : فریدون اسفندیاری ; October 15, 1930 – July 8, 2000 ) was a Belgian-born Iranian-American generator, teacher, transhumanist philosopher, fantast, adviser, and Olympic athlete. [ 1 ] He became luminary as a transhumanist with the reserve Are You a Transhuman?: Monitoring and Stimulating Your Personal Rate of Growth in a Rapidly Changing World, published in 1989. In addition, he wrote a number of works of fabrication under his original identify F.M. Esfandiary .

early life and education.

The son of an iranian diplomat, he travelled wide as a child, having lived in 17 countries by historic period 11 ; then, as a young man, he represented Iran as a basketball musician and wrestler at the 1948 Olympic Games in London. [ 2 ] He then started his college education at the University of California, Berkeley, but late transferred to the University of California, Los Angeles, where he graduated in 1952. [ 3 ] Afterwards, he served on the United Nations Conciliation Commission for Palestine from 1952 to 1954. [ 4 ]

name change.

In the mid-1970s F.M. Esfandiary legally [ 2 ] changed his diagnose to FM-2030 for two main reasons : first, to reflect the hope and belief that he would live to celebrate his hundredth birthday in 2030 ; second, and more importantly, to break exempt of the widespread practice of naming conventions that he saw as rooted in a collectivist mentality, and existing merely as a keepsake of world ‘s tribalistic past. He viewed traditional names as about always stamping a label of collective identity – varying from sex to nationality – on the individual, thereby existing as leading facie elements of intend processes in the human cultural fabric, that tended to degenerate into pigeonhole, factionalism, and discrimination. In his own words, “ conventional names define a person ‘s past : lineage, ethnicity, nationality, religion. I am not who I was ten years ago and surely not who I will be in twenty dollar bill years. [ … ] The name 2030 reflects my conviction that the years around 2030 will be a charming prison term. In 2030 we will be ageless and everyone will have an excellent chance to live everlastingly. 2030 is a dream and a finish. ” [ 5 ]

personal life.

He was a lifelong vegetarian and said he would not eat anything that had a mother. [ 6 ] FM-2030 once said, “ I am a twenty-first century person who was by chance launched in the twentieth. I have a deep nostalgia for the future. ” [ 7 ] He taught at The New School, University of California, Los Angeles, and Florida International University. [ 1 ] He worked as a corporate adviser for Lockheed and J. C. Penney. [ 1 ] He was besides an atheist. [ 8 ] FM-2030 was, in his own words, a follower of “ upwing ” politics, in which he meant that he endorsed universal joint progress. [ 9 ] [ 10 ] He had been in a non-exclusive “ friendship ” ( his preferred term for kinship ) with Flora Schnall, a lawyer and fellow Harvard Law class of 1959 graduate with Ruth Bader Ginsburg, from the 1960s until his death. [ 11 ]


On July 8, 2000, FM-2030 died from pancreatic cancer and was placed in cryonic suspension at the Alcor Life Extension Foundation in Scottsdale, Arizona, where his body remains today. He did not so far have remote standby arrangements, so no Alcor team member was present at his death, but FM-2030 was the first person to be vitrified, rather than simply flash-frozen as previous cryonics patients had been. [ 6 ] FM-2030 was survived by four sisters and one brother. [ 2 ]

Published works.

  • The Day of Sacrifice (1959) available as an eBook
  • The Beggar (1965)
  • Identity Card (1966) (ISBN 0-460-03843-5) available as an eBook
  • Optimism one; the emerging radicalism (1970) (ISBN 0-393-08611-9)
  • UpWingers: A Futurist Manifesto (1973) (ISBN 0-381-98243-2) (pbk.) Available as an eBook ISBN FW00007527, Publisher: e-reads, Pub. Date: Jan 1973, File Size: 153K
  • Telespheres (1977) (ISBN 0-445-04115-3)
  • Are You a Transhuman?: Monitoring and Stimulating Your Personal Rate of Growth in a Rapidly Changing World (1989) (ISBN 0-446-38806-8).

cultural references.

  • In Dan Brown’s novel Inferno, fictional transhumanists who admire FM-2030 pay tribute to him by adopting his naming convention and taking names such as FS2080.[12]
  • Several musical artists, such as the Reptaliens, Dataport, Ghosthack, Vorja, Gavin Osborn and Philip Sumner have created songs and albums named after FM-2030.[13][14]
  • A film titled 2030 released in 2020, which explored the possibility of FM-2030’s future revival.[15]

See besides.


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