Hi good-for-nothing total noob to Apache and Macs here … feel the answer is actually obvious but I ‘ve been looking for ages without success
I have the follow lines in /private/etc/apache2/extra/httpd-vhosts.conf

NameVirtualHost *:80


ServerAdmin webmaster@dummy-host.example.com
DocumentRoot "/Library/WebServer/Documents/mfoe/"
ServerName mfoe.cycle

The httpd.conf file is including vhosts

# Virtual hosts
Include /private/etc/apache2/extra/httpd-vhosts.conf

so why when I run the command in terminal : $ httpd -S do I get :

httpd: Could not reliably determine the server's fully qualified domain name, using Alexs-  MacBook-Air.local for ServerName
VirtualHost configuration:
Syntax OK

It looks like it ‘s not reading anything in vhosts. Is it possibly anything to do with this error on resume ?

Alexs-MacBook-Air:/ alex$ httpd -k restart
httpd: Could not reliably determine the server's fully qualified domain name, using Alexs-MacBook-Air.local for ServerName
httpd not running, trying to start
(13)Permission denied: make_sock: could not bind to address [::]:80
(13)Permission denied: make_sock: could not bind to address 0.0.0.0:80
no listening sockets available, shutting down
Unable to open logs

Apologies if the suffice is actually unintelligent !
The entire contents of httpd.conf

    #
    # Mac OS X / Mac OS X Server
    # The  blocks segregate server-specific directives
    # and also directives that only apply when Web Sharing or
    # server Web Service (as opposed to other services that need Apache) is on.
    # The launchd plist sets appropriate Define parameters.
    # Generally, desktop has no vhosts and server does; server has added modules,
    # custom virtual hosts are only activated when Web Service is on, and
    # default document root and personal web sites at ~username are only
    # activated when Web Sharing is on.
    #
    #
    # This is the main Apache HTTP server configuration file.  It contains the
    # configuration directives that give the server its instructions.
    # See  for detailed information.
    # In particular, see 
    # 
    # for a discussion of each configuration directive.
    #
    # Do NOT simply read the instructions in here without understanding
    # what they do.  They're here only as hints or reminders.  If you are unsure
    # consult the online docs. You have been warned.  
    #
    # Configuration and logfile names: If the filenames you specify for many
    # of the server's control files begin with "/" (or "drive:/" for Win32), the
    # server will use that explicit path.  If the filenames do *not* begin
    # with "/", the value of ServerRoot is prepended -- so "log/foo_log"
    # with ServerRoot set to "/usr" will be interpreted by the
    # server as "/usr/log/foo_log".

    #
    # ServerRoot: The top of the directory tree under which the server's
    # configuration, error, and log files are kept.
    #
    # Do not add a slash at the end of the directory path.  If you point
    # ServerRoot at a non-local disk, be sure to point the LockFile directive
    # at a local disk.  If you wish to share the same ServerRoot for multiple
    # httpd daemons, you will need to change at least LockFile and PidFile.
    #
    ServerRoot "/usr"

    #
    # Listen: Allows you to bind Apache to specific IP addresses and/or
    # ports, instead of the default. See also the 
    # directive.
    #
    # Change this to Listen on specific IP addresses as shown below to 
    # prevent Apache from glomming onto all bound IP addresses.
    #
    #Listen 12.34.56.78:80
    
    Listen 80
    

    #
    # Dynamic Shared Object (DSO) Support
    #
    # To be able to use the functionality of a module which was built as a DSO you
    # have to place corresponding `LoadModule' lines at this location so the
    # directives contained in it are actually available _before_ they are used.
    # Statically compiled modules (those listed by `httpd -l') do not need
    # to be loaded here.
    #
    # Example:
    # LoadModule foo_module modules/mod_foo.so
    #
    LoadModule authn_file_module libexec/apache2/mod_authn_file.so
    LoadModule authz_host_module libexec/apache2/mod_authz_host.so
    LoadModule cache_module libexec/apache2/mod_cache.so
    LoadModule disk_cache_module libexec/apache2/mod_disk_cache.so
    LoadModule dumpio_module libexec/apache2/mod_dumpio.so
    LoadModule reqtimeout_module libexec/apache2/mod_reqtimeout.so
    LoadModule ext_filter_module libexec/apache2/mod_ext_filter.so
    LoadModule include_module libexec/apache2/mod_include.so
    LoadModule filter_module libexec/apache2/mod_filter.so
    LoadModule substitute_module libexec/apache2/mod_substitute.so
    LoadModule deflate_module libexec/apache2/mod_deflate.so
    LoadModule log_config_module libexec/apache2/mod_log_config.so
    LoadModule log_forensic_module libexec/apache2/mod_log_forensic.so
    LoadModule logio_module libexec/apache2/mod_logio.so
    LoadModule env_module libexec/apache2/mod_env.so
    LoadModule mime_magic_module libexec/apache2/mod_mime_magic.so
    LoadModule cern_meta_module libexec/apache2/mod_cern_meta.so
    LoadModule expires_module libexec/apache2/mod_expires.so
    LoadModule headers_module libexec/apache2/mod_headers.so
    LoadModule ident_module libexec/apache2/mod_ident.so
    LoadModule usertrack_module libexec/apache2/mod_usertrack.so
    #LoadModule unique_id_module libexec/apache2/mod_unique_id.so
    LoadModule setenvif_module libexec/apache2/mod_setenvif.so
    LoadModule version_module libexec/apache2/mod_version.so
    LoadModule proxy_module libexec/apache2/mod_proxy.so
    LoadModule proxy_http_module libexec/apache2/mod_proxy_http.so
    LoadModule proxy_scgi_module libexec/apache2/mod_proxy_scgi.so
    LoadModule proxy_balancer_module libexec/apache2/mod_proxy_balancer.so
    #LoadModule ssl_module libexec/apache2/mod_ssl.so
    LoadModule mime_module libexec/apache2/mod_mime.so
    LoadModule dav_module libexec/apache2/mod_dav.so
    LoadModule autoindex_module libexec/apache2/mod_autoindex.so
    LoadModule asis_module libexec/apache2/mod_asis.so
    LoadModule info_module libexec/apache2/mod_info.so
    LoadModule cgi_module libexec/apache2/mod_cgi.so
    LoadModule dav_fs_module libexec/apache2/mod_dav_fs.so
    LoadModule vhost_alias_module libexec/apache2/mod_vhost_alias.so
    LoadModule negotiation_module libexec/apache2/mod_negotiation.so
    LoadModule dir_module libexec/apache2/mod_dir.so
    LoadModule imagemap_module libexec/apache2/mod_imagemap.so
    LoadModule actions_module libexec/apache2/mod_actions.so
    LoadModule speling_module libexec/apache2/mod_speling.so
    LoadModule alias_module libexec/apache2/mod_alias.so
    LoadModule rewrite_module libexec/apache2/mod_rewrite.so
    LoadModule php5_module libexec/apache2/libphp5.so

    #Apple specific modules
    LoadModule apple_userdir_module libexec/apache2/mod_userdir_apple.so
    LoadModule bonjour_module libexec/apache2/mod_bonjour.so

    
    LoadModule authn_dbm_module libexec/apache2/mod_authn_dbm.so
    LoadModule authn_anon_module libexec/apache2/mod_authn_anon.so
    LoadModule authn_dbd_module libexec/apache2/mod_authn_dbd.so
    LoadModule authn_default_module libexec/apache2/mod_authn_default.so
    LoadModule auth_basic_module libexec/apache2/mod_auth_basic.so
    LoadModule auth_digest_module libexec/apache2/mod_auth_digest.so
    LoadModule authz_groupfile_module libexec/apache2/mod_authz_groupfile.so
    LoadModule authz_user_module libexec/apache2/mod_authz_user.so
    LoadModule authz_dbm_module libexec/apache2/mod_authz_dbm.so
    LoadModule authz_owner_module libexec/apache2/mod_authz_owner.so
    LoadModule authz_default_module libexec/apache2/mod_authz_default.so
    LoadModule mem_cache_module libexec/apache2/mod_mem_cache.so
    LoadModule dbd_module libexec/apache2/mod_dbd.so
    LoadModule proxy_connect_module libexec/apache2/mod_proxy_connect.so
    LoadModule proxy_ftp_module libexec/apache2/mod_proxy_ftp.so
    LoadModule proxy_ajp_module libexec/apache2/mod_proxy_ajp.so
    LoadModule status_module libexec/apache2/mod_status.so
    

    
    LoadModule hfs_apple_module libexec/apache2/mod_hfs_apple.so
    #LoadModule auth_digest_apple_module libexec/apache2/mod_auth_digest_apple.so
    #LoadModule encoding_module libexec/apache2/mod_encoding.so
    #LoadModule jk_module libexec/apache2/mod_jk.so
    LoadModule apple_auth_module libexec/apache2/mod_auth_apple.so
    LoadModule spnego_auth_module libexec/apache2/mod_spnego_apple.so
    LoadModule apple_digest_module libexec/apache2/mod_digest_apple.so
    #LoadModule python_module libexec/apache2/mod_python.so
    #LoadModule xsendfile_module libexec/apache2/mod_xsendfile.so
    LoadModule apple_status_module libexec/apache2/mod_status_apple.so
    

    # If you wish httpd to run as a different user or group, you must run
    # httpd as root initially and it will switch.  
    #
    # User/Group: The name (or #number) of the user/group to run httpd as.
    # It is usually good practice to create a dedicated user and group for
    # running httpd, as with most system services.
    #
    User _www
    Group _www

    # 'Main' server configuration
    #
    # The directives in this section set up the values used by the 'main'
    # server, which responds to any requests that aren't handled by a
    #  definition.  These values also provide defaults for
    # any  containers you may define later in the file.
    #
    # All of these directives may appear inside  containers,
    # in which case these default settings will be overridden for the
    # virtual host being defined.
    #

    #
    # ServerAdmin: Your address, where problems with the server should be
    # e-mailed.  This address appears on some server-generated pages, such
    # as error documents.  e.g. admin@your-domain.com
    #
    ServerAdmin you@example.com

    #
    # ServerName gives the name and port that the server uses to identify itself.
    # This can often be determined automatically, but we recommend you specify
    # it explicitly to prevent problems during startup.
    #
    # If your host doesn't have a registered DNS name, enter its IP address here.
    #
    #ServerName www.example.com:80

    
    DocumentRoot /var/empty

    
            BrowserMatch "MSIE" AuthDigestEnableQueryStringHack=On
    
    
            Header add MS-Author-Via "DAV"
            RequestHeader set X_FORWARDED_PROTO 'https' env=https
            RequestHeader set X_FORWARDED_PROTO 'http' env=!https
    
    
            EncodingEngine on
            NormalizeUsername on
            DefaultClientEncoding UTF-8
    # Windows XP?
            AddClientEncoding "Microsoft-WebDAV-MiniRedir/" MSUTF-8
    # Windows 2K SP2 with .NET
            AddClientEncoding "(Microsoft .* DAV\$)" MSUTF-8
    # Windows 2K SP2/Windows XP
            AddClientEncoding "(Microsoft .* DAV 1.1)" CP932
    # Windows XP?
            AddClientEncoding "Microsoft-WebDAV*" CP932
    # RealPlayer
            AddClientEncoding "RMA/*" CP932
    # MacOS X webdavfs
            AddClientEncoding "WebDAVFS" UTF-8
    # cadaver
            AddClientEncoding "cadaver/" EUC-JP
    
    
        AllowOverride None
        Options MultiViews FollowSymlinks
        Order allow,deny
        Allow from all
        Header Set Cache-Control no-cache
    
    Alias /webmail /usr/share/web/webmail.html
    Alias /changepassword /usr/share/web/changepassword.html
    Alias /profilemanager /usr/share/web/profilemanager.html
    Alias /webcal /usr/share/web/webcal.html
    

    
    
    #
    # DocumentRoot: The directory out of which you will serve your
    # documents. By default, all requests are taken from this directory, but
    # symbolic links and aliases may be used to point to other locations.
    #
    DocumentRoot "/Library/WebServer/Documents"

    #
    # Each directory to which Apache has access can be configured with respect
    # to which services and features are allowed and/or disabled in that
    # directory (and its subdirectories). 
    #
    # First, we configure the "default" to be a very restrictive set of 
    # features.  
    #
    
        Options FollowSymLinks
        AllowOverride None
        Order deny,allow
        Deny from all
    

#
# Note that from this point forward you must specifically allow
# particular features to be enabled – so if something’s not working as
# you might expect, make sure that you have specifically enabled it
# below.
#

#
# This should be changed to whatever you set DocumentRoot to.
#

#
# Possible values for the Options directive are “None”, “All”,
# or any combination of:
# Indexes Includes FollowSymLinks SymLinksifOwnerMatch ExecCGI MultiViews
#
# Note that “MultiViews” must be named *explicitly* — “Options All”
# doesn’t give it to you.
#
# The Options directive is both complicated and important. Please see
# http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.2/mod/core.html#options
# for more information.
#
Options Indexes FollowSymLinks MultiViews

#
# AllowOverride controls what directives may be placed in .htaccess files.
# It can be “All”, “None”, or any combination of the keywords:
# Options FileInfo AuthConfig Limit
#
AllowOverride None

#
# Controls who can get stuff from this server.
#
Order allow,deny
Allow from all

#
# DirectoryIndex: sets the file that Apache will serve if a directory
# is requested.
#

DirectoryIndex index.html

#
# The following lines prevent .htaccess and .htpasswd files from being
# viewed by Web clients.
#

Order allow,deny
Deny from all
Satisfy All

#
# Apple specific filesystem protection.
#

Order allow,deny
Deny from all
Satisfy All


Order allow,deny
Deny from all
Satisfy All

#
# ErrorLog: The location of the error log file.
# If you do not specify an ErrorLog directive within a
# container, error messages relating to that virtual host will be
# logged here. If you *do* define an error logfile for a
# container, that host’s errors will be logged there and not here.
#
ErrorLog “/private/var/log/apache2/error_log”

#
# LogLevel: Control the number of messages logged to the error_log.
# Possible values include: debug, info, notice, warn, error, crit,
# alert, emerg.
#
LogLevel warn


#
# The following directives define some format nicknames for use with
# a CustomLog directive (see below).
#
LogFormat “%h %l %u %t \”%r\” %>s %b \”%{Referer}i\” \”%{User-Agent}i\”” combined
LogFormat “%v %h %l %u %t \”%r\” %>s %b \”%{Referer}i\” \”%{User-Agent}i\”” combinedvhost
LogFormat “%h %l %u %t \”%r\” %>s %b” common
LogFormat “%v %h %l %u %t \”%r\” %>s %b” commonvhost


# You need to enable mod_logio.c to use %I and %O
LogFormat “%h %l %u %t \”%r\” %>s %b \”%{Referer}i\” \”%{User-Agent}i\” %I %O” combinedio
LogFormat “%v %h %l %u %t \”%r\” %>s %b \”%{Referer}i\” \”%{User-Agent}i\” %I %O” combinediovhost

#
# The location and format of the access logfile (Common Logfile Format).
# If you do not define any access logfiles within a
# container, they will be logged here. Contrariwise, if you *do*
# define per- access logfiles, transactions will be
# logged therein and *not* in this file.
#
CustomLog “/private/var/log/apache2/access_log” common

#
# If you prefer a logfile with access, agent, and referer information
# (Combined Logfile Format) you can use the following directive.
#
#CustomLog “/private/var/log/apache2/access_log” combined


#
# Redirect: Allows you to tell clients about documents that used to
# exist in your server’s namespace, but do not anymore. The client
# will make a new request for the document at its new location.
# Example:
# Redirect permanent /foo http://www.example.com/bar

#
# Alias: Maps web paths into filesystem paths and is used to
# access content that does not live under the DocumentRoot.
# Example:
# Alias /webpath /full/filesystem/path
#
# If you include a trailing / on /webpath then the server will
# require it to be present in the URL. You will also likely
# need to provide a section to allow access to
# the filesystem path.

#
# ScriptAlias: This controls which directories contain server scripts.
# ScriptAliases are essentially the same as Aliases, except that
# documents in the target directory are treated as applications and
# run by the server when requested rather than as documents sent to the
# client. The same rules about trailing “/” apply to ScriptAlias
# directives as to Alias.
#
ScriptAliasMatch ^/cgi-bin/((?!(?i:webobjects)).*$) “/Library/WebServer/CGI-Executables/$1”


#
# ScriptSock: On threaded servers, designate the path to the UNIX
# socket used to communicate with the CGI daemon of mod_cgid.
#
#Scriptsock /private/var/run/cgisock

#
# “/Library/WebServer/CGI-Executables” should be changed to whatever your ScriptAliased
# CGI directory exists, if you have that configured.
#

AllowOverride None
Options None
Order allow,deny
Allow from all

#
# DefaultType: the default MIME type the server will use for a document
# if it cannot otherwise determine one, such as from filename extensions.
# If your server contains mostly text or HTML documents, “text/plain” is
# a good value. If most of your content is binary, such as applications
# or images, you may want to use “application/octet-stream” instead to
# keep browsers from trying to display binary files as though they are
# text.
#
DefaultType text/plain


#
# TypesConfig points to the file containing the list of mappings from
# filename extension to MIME-type.
#
TypesConfig /private/etc/apache2/mime.types

#
# AddType allows you to add to or override the MIME configuration
# file specified in TypesConfig for specific file types.
#
#AddType application/x-gzip .tgz
#
# AddEncoding allows you to have certain browsers uncompress
# information on the fly. Note: Not all browsers support this.
#
#AddEncoding x-compress .Z
#AddEncoding x-gzip .gz .tgz
#
# If the AddEncoding directives above are commented-out, then you
# probably should define those extensions to indicate media types:
#
AddType application/x-compress .Z
AddType application/x-gzip .gz .tgz

#
# AddHandler allows you to map certain file extensions to “handlers”:
# actions unrelated to filetype. These can be either built into the server
# or added with the Action directive (see below)
#
# To use CGI scripts outside of ScriptAliased directories:
# (You will also need to add “ExecCGI” to the “Options” directive.)
#
#AddHandler cgi-script .cgi

# For type maps (negotiated resources):
#AddHandler type-map var

#
# Filters allow you to process content before it is sent to the client.
#
# To parse .shtml files for server-side includes (SSI):
# (You will also need to add “Includes” to the “Options” directive.)
#
#AddType text/html .shtml
#AddOutputFilter INCLUDES .shtml

#
# The mod_mime_magic module allows the server to use various hints from the
# contents of the file itself to determine its type. The MIMEMagicFile
# directive tells the module where the hint definitions are located.
#
#MIMEMagicFile /private/etc/apache2/magic

#
# Customizable error responses come in three flavors:
# 1) plain text 2) local redirects 3) external redirects
#
# Some examples:
#ErrorDocument 500 “The server made a boo boo.”
#ErrorDocument 404 /missing.html
#ErrorDocument 404 “/cgi-bin/missing_handler.pl”
#ErrorDocument 402 http://www.example.com/subscription_info.html
#

#
# EnableMMAP and EnableSendfile: On systems that support it,
# memory-mapping or the sendfile syscall is used to deliver
# files. This usually improves server performance, but must
# be turned off when serving from networked-mounted
# filesystems or if support for these functions is otherwise
# broken on your system.
#
#EnableMMAP off
#EnableSendfile off

TraceEnable off

# Supplemental configuration
#
# The configuration files in the /private/etc/apache2/extra/ directory can be
# included to add extra features or to modify the default configuration of
# the server, or you may simply copy their contents here and change as
# necessary.

# Server-pool management (MPM prefork specific)
StartServers 1
MinSpareServers 1
MaxSpareServers 1
# ServerLimit and MaxClients support n% syntax which sets them to a
# fraction of the current RLIMIT_NPROC limit.
ServerLimit 50%
MaxClients 50%
ListenBackLog 512
MaxRequestsPerChild 100000

# Timeout: The number of seconds before receives and sends time out.
#
Timeout 300

# KeepAlive: Whether or not to allow persistent connections (more than
# one request per connection). Set to “Off” to deactivate.
#
KeepAlive On

# KeepAliveTimeout: Number of seconds to wait for the next request from the
# same client on the same connection.
#
KeepAliveTimeout 15

# MaxKeepAliveRequests: The maximum number of requests to allow
# during a persistent connection. Set to 0 to allow an unlimited amount.
# We recommend you leave this number high, for maximum performance.
#
MaxKeepAliveRequests 100

# UseCanonicalName: Determines how Apache constructs self-referencing
# URLs and the SERVER_NAME and SERVER_PORT variables.
# When set “Off”, Apache will use the Hostname and Port supplied
# by the client. When set “On”, Apache will use the value of the
# ServerName directive.
#
UseCanonicalName Off

#
# AccessFileName: The name of the file to look for in each directory
# for additional configuration directives. See also the AllowOverride
# directive.
#
AccessFileName .htaccess

# ServerTokens
# This directive configures what you return as the Server HTTP response
# Header. The default is ‘Full’ which sends information about the OS-Type
# and compiled in modules.
# Set to one of: Full | OS | Minor | Minimal | Major | Prod
# where Full conveys the most information, and Prod the least.
#
ServerTokens Full

# Optionally add a line containing the server version and virtual host
# name to server-generated pages (internal error documents, FTP directory
# listings, mod_status and mod_info output etc., but not CGI generated
# documents or custom error documents).
# Set to “EMail” to also include a mailto: link to the ServerAdmin.
# Set to one of: On | Off | EMail
#
ServerSignature On

# HostnameLookups: Log the names of clients or just their IP addresses
# e.g., www.apache.org (on) or 204.62.129.132 (off).
# The default is off because it’d be overall better for the net if people
# had to knowingly turn this feature on, since enabling it means that
# each client request will result in AT LEAST one lookup request to the
# nameserver.
#
HostnameLookups Off

# PidFile: The file in which the server should record its process
# identification number when it starts.
PidFile /var/run/httpd.pid

# The accept serialization lock file MUST BE STORED ON A LOCAL DISK.
LockFile “/private/var/log/apache2/accept.lock”


RewriteLock /var/log/apache2/rewrite.lock

# Language settings
Include /private/etc/apache2/extra/httpd-languages.conf


# Multi -language error messages
#Include /private/etc/apache2/extra/httpd-multilang-errordoc.conf

# Fancy directory listings
Include /private/etc/apache2/extra/httpd-autoindex.conf

# User home directories
Include /private/etc/apache2/extra/httpd-userdir.conf

# Real-time info on requests and configuration
#Include /private/etc/apache2/extra/httpd-info.conf

# Virtual hosts
Include /private/etc/apache2/extra/httpd-vhosts.conf

# Local access to the Apache HTTP Server Manual
Include /private/etc/apache2/extra/httpd-manual.conf

# Distributed authoring and versioning (WebDAV)
#Include /private/etc/apache2/extra/httpd-dav.conf

# Secure (SSL/TLS) connections

#Include /private/etc/apache2/extra/httpd-ssl.conf



SetEnvIf User-Agent “.*MSIE.*” nokeepalive ssl-unclean-shutdown
SSLPassPhraseDialog exec:/etc/apache2/getsslpassphrase
SSLSessionCache shmcb:/var/run/ssl_scache(512000)
SSLSessionCacheTimeout 300
SSLMutex file:/var/run/ssl_mutex
SSLRandomSeed startup builtin
SSLRandomSeed connect builtin
AddType application/x-x509-ca-cert crt
AddType application/x-pkcs7-crl crl



JKWorkersFile /etc/apache2/workers.properties
JKLogFile /var/log/apache2/mod_jk.log
JkShmFile /var/log/apache2/jk-runtime-status


AddType application/x-httpd-php .php
AddType application/x-httpd-php-source .phps

DirectoryIndex index.html index.php



Include /etc/apache2/other/*.conf



Include /etc/apache2/sites/*.conf


Include /etc/apache2/sites/virtual_host_global.conf
Include /etc/apache2/sites/*_.conf
Include /etc/apache2/sites/*__shadow.conf



output of phosphorus auxwwww – I have uploaded to http : //codeviewer.org/view/code:292b

beginning : https://themedipia.com
Category : Website hosting

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