macOS Server, once Mac OS X Server and OS X Server, is a discontinued series of Unix -like server operating systems developed by Apple Inc., based on macOS and late accessory software packages for the latter. macOS Server added server functionality and organization administration tools to macOS and provide tools to manage both macOS -based computers and iOS -based devices. Versions of Mac OS X Server anterior to version 10.7 “ Lion ” were sold as complete, standalone server operating systems ; [ 4 ] starting with Mac OS X 10.7 “ Lion, ” Mac OS X Server ( and its successors OS X Server and macOS Server ) have been offered as accessory software packages, sold through the Mac App Store, that are installed on top of a comparable macOS initiation. [ 3 ] [ 5 ]
Reading: macOS Server – Wikipedia
macOS Server at one point provided network services such as a mail transfer agent, AFP and SMB servers, an LDAP server, and a world name server, a well as waiter applications including a Web server, database, and calendar server. The latest version of macOS server alone includes functionality related to user and group management, Xsan, and mobile device management through profiles. On April 21, 2022 Apple announced it will be discontinuing macOS Server and future versions of macOS will drop hold for it. [ 6 ]
Mac OS X Server was provided as the operate system for Xserve computers, rack mounted server computers designed by Apple. besides, it was optionally pre-installed on the Mac Mini and Mac Pro and was sold individually for practice on any Macintosh computer meeting its minimum requirements. macOS Server versions anterior to Lion are based on an outdoors source foundation called Darwin and use candid industry standards and protocols .
Box artwork for Mac OS X Server versions 10.1–10.6
Mac OS X Server 1.0 ( rhapsody ).
The beginning translation of Mac OS X was Mac OS X Server 1.0. Mac OS X Server 1.0 was based on Rhapsody, a loanblend of OPENSTEP from NeXT Computer and Mac OS 8.5.1. The GUI looked like a mix of Mac OS 8 ‘s Platinum appearance with OPENSTEP ‘s NeXT -based interface. It included a runtime layer called Blue Box for running bequest Mac OS-based applications within a separate windowpane. There was discussion of implementing a ‘transparent blue box ‘ which would intermix Mac OS applications with those written for Rhapsody ‘s Yellow Box environment, but this would not happen until Mac OS X ‘s classical environment. Apple File Services, Macintosh Manager, QuickTime Streaming Server, WebObjects, and NetBoot were included with Mac OS X Server 1.0. It could not use FireWire devices. The survive let go of is Mac OS X Server 1.2v3 .
Mac OS X Server 10.0 ( Cheetah ).
Released : May 21, 2001 Mac OS X Server 10.0 included the newly Aqua exploiter interface, Apache, PHP, MySQL, Tomcat, WebDAV digest, Macintosh Manager, and NetBoot .
Mac OS X Server 10.1 ( Puma ).
Released : September 25, 2001 Mac OS X Server 10.1 featured better operation, increase system stability, and decreased file transfer times compared to Mac OS X Server 10.0. support was added for RAID 0 and RAID 1 memory configurations, and Mac OS 9.2.1 in NetBoot. [ 7 ]
Mac OS X Server 10.2 ( Jaguar ).
Released : August 23, 2002 The 10.2 Mac OS X Server dismissal includes update Open Directory drug user and file management, which with this turn is based on LDAP, beginning the deprecation of the NeXT-originated NetInfo computer architecture. The new Workgroup Manager interface improved shape significantly. The dismissal besides saw major updates to NetBoot and NetInstall. many common network services are provided such as NTP, SNMP, web server ( Apache ), mail server ( Postfix and Cyrus ), LDAP ( OpenLDAP ), AFP, and print server. The inclusion of Samba version 3 allows taut consolidation with Windows clients and servers. MySQL v4.0.16 and PHP v4.3.7 are besides included .
Mac OS X Server 10.3 ( Panther ).
Released : October 24, 2003 The 10.3 Mac OS X Server release includes update Open Directory drug user and file management, which with this unblock is based on LDAP, beginning the deprecation of the NeXT-originated NetInfo computer architecture. The new Workgroup Manager interface improved shape significantly. many park network services are provided such as NTP, SNMP, vane server ( Apache ), mail waiter ( Postfix and Cyrus ), LDAP ( OpenLDAP ), AFP, and print waiter. The inclusion of Samba interpretation 3 allows tight integration with Windows clients and servers. MySQL v4.0.16 and PHP v4.3.7 are besides included. [ citation needed ]
Mac OS X Server 10.4 ( Tiger ).
Released : April 29, 2005 The 10.4 passing adds 64-bit application corroborate, Access Control Lists, Xgrid, link collection, electronic mail spam filter ( SpamAssassin ), virus detection ( ClamAV ), Gateway Setup Assistant, and servers for Software Update, iChat Server using XMPP, [ 8 ] Boot Camp Assistant, Dashboard, and weblogs. On August 10, 2006, Apple announced the first gear Universal Binary turn of Mac OS X Server, version 10.4.7, supporting both PowerPC and Intel processors. At the same time Apple announced the free of the Intel-based Mac Pro and Xserve systems .
Mac OS X Server 10.5 ( Leopard Server ).
The Mac OS X Leopard Server running Server Admin on Desktop Released : October 26, 2007 Leopard Server sold for $ 999 for an unlimited-client license. [ 9 ] Mac OS X Server translation 10.5.x ‘ Leopard ’ was the last major adaptation of Mac OS X Server to support PowerPC -based servers and workstations such as the Apple Xserve G5 and Power Mac G5. Features
Mac OS X Server 10.6 ( Snow Leopard Server ).
Released : August 28, 2009 Snow Leopard Server sold for $ 499 and included outright client licenses. [ 9 ] New Features :
- Full 64-bit operating system. On appropriate systems with 4 GB of RAM or more, Snow Leopard Server uses a 64-bit kernel to address up to a theoretical 16 TB of RAM.
- iCal Server 2 with improved CalDAV support, a new web calendaring application, push notifications and the ability to send email invitations to non-iCal users.
- Address Book Server provides a central location for users to store and access personal contacts across multiple Macs and synchronized iPhones. Based on the CardDAV protocol standard.
- Wiki Server 2, with server side Quick Look and the ability to view wiki content on iPhone.
- A new Mail server engine that supports push email so users receive immediate access to new messages. However, Apple’s implementation of push email is not supported for Apple’s iPhone.
- Podcast Producer 2 with dual-source video support. Also includes a new Podcast Composer application to automate the production process, making it simple to create podcasts with a customized, consistent look and feel. Podcast Composer creates a workflow to add titles, transitions and effects, save to a desired format and share to wikis, blogs, iTunes, iTunes U, Final Cut Server or Podcast Library.
- Mobile Access Server enables iPhone and Mac users to access secured network services, including corporate websites, online business applications, email, calendars and contacts. Without requiring additional software, Mobile Access Server acts as a reverse proxy server and provides SSL encryption and authentication between the user’s iPhone or Mac and a private network.
Mac OS X 10.7 ( Lion Server ).
Released : July 20, 2011 In releasing the developer preview of Mac OS X Lion in February 2011, Apple indicated that beginning with Lion, Mac OS X Server would be bundled with the operate system and would not be marketed as a separate merchandise. [ 13 ] however, a few months late, the ship’s company said it would alternatively sell the server components as a US $ 49.99 addition to Lion, distributed through the Mac App Store ( arsenic well as Lion itself ). [ 14 ] The compound cost of an upgrade to Lion and the purchase of the OS X Server addition, which costs approximately u $ 50, [ 9 ] was however significantly lower than the retail cost of Snow Leopard Server ( US $ 499 ). Lion Server came with inexhaustible customer licenses as did Snow Leopard Server. Lion Server includes newly versions of iCal Server, Wiki Server, and Mail Server. [ 15 ] More significantly, Lion Server can be used for io mobile device management. Starting with Apple Mac OS X Server Version 10.7 “ Lion, ” PostgreSQL replaces MySQL as the database provided with Mac OS X Server, coinciding with Oracle Corporation ’ south skill of Sun Microsystems and Oracle ’ s subsequent attempts to tighten MySQL ’ s licensing restrictions and to exert influence on MySQL ’ s previously open and independent development model. [ 16 ]
|Software||10.7||10.7.1||10.7.2||10.7.3 11D2001||10.7.4 11E53||10.7.5 11G63|
OS X 10.8 ( Mountain Lion Server ).
Released : July 25, 2012 Like Lion, Mountain Lion had no offprint server version. An OS X Server box was available for Mountain Lion from the Mac App Store for US $ 19.99, which included a server management application called Server, arsenic well as other extra administrative tools to manage node profiles and Xsan. [ 17 ] [ 18 ] Mountain Lion Server, like Lion Server, was provided with inexhaustible client licenses, and once purchased could be run on an inexhaustible phone number of systems .
OS X 10.9 ( Mavericks Server ).
Released : October 22, 2013 There is no separate server edition of Mavericks, good as there was no separate waiter version of Mountain Lion. [ 19 ] There is a box, available from the Mac App Store for $ 19.99, that includes a server management app called Server, angstrom good as other extra administrative tools to manage node profiles and Xsan, [ 19 ] and once purchased can be run on an unlimited number of machines. Those enrolled in the Mac or iOS developer programs are given a code to download OS X Server for loose .
|Software||Developer Preview 1||10.9.0||10.9.1||10.9.4||10.9.5|
OS X 10.10 ( Yosemite Server 4.0 ).
Released : October 16, 2014 There is no separate server edition of Yosemite, just as there was no discriminate server edition of Mavericks. There is a box, available from the Mac App Store for $ 19.99, that includes a server management app called Server, a well as other extra administrative tools to manage node profiles and Xsan, and once purchased can be run on an inexhaustible number of machines. Those enrolled in the Mac or iOS developer programs are given a code to download OS X Server for release .
OS X 10.11 ( Server 5.0 ).
Released: September 16, 2015 Version 5.0.3 of OS X Server operates with either OS X Yosemite 10.10.5 and OS X El Capitan 10.11.
OS X 10.11 ( Server 5.1 ).
Released: March 21, 2016 OS X Server 5.1 requires 10.11.4 El Capitan, as previous versions of OS X Server wo n’t work on 10.11.4 El Capitan .
macOS 10.12 ( Server 5.2 ).
Released: September 20, 2016 Version 5.2 of macOS Server operates with either OS X El Capitan 10.11 or macOS Sierra 10.12 .
macOS 10.12 ( Server 5.3 ).
Released: March 17, 2017 Version 5.3 of macOS Server only operates on macOS Sierra ( 10.12.4 ) and later. For macOS Server 5.3.1 :
macOS 10.13 ( Server 5.4 ).
Released: September 25, 2017 Version 5.4 of macOS Server alone operates on macOS High Sierra ( 10.13 ) and later .
macOS 10.13.3 ( Server 5.5 ).
Released: January 23, 2018 Version 5.5 of macOS Server only operates on macOS High Sierra ( 10.13.3 ) and later .
macOS 10.13.5 ( Server 5.6 ).
Released: April 24, 2018 Version 5.6 of macOS Server only operates on macOS High Sierra ( 10.13.5 ) and later .
macOS 10.14 ( Server 5.7 ).
Released: September 28, 2018 Version 5.7 of macOS Server only operates on macOS Mojave ( 10.14 ) and later. With this version Apple stopped bundling open beginning services such as Calendar Server, Contacts Server, the Mail Server, DNS, DHCP, VPN Server, and Websites with macOS Server. [ 21 ] Included services are immediately limited to Profile Manager, Open Directory and Xsan. [ 21 ]
macOS 10.14 ( Server 5.8 ).
Released: March 25, 2019 Version 5.8 of macOS Server lone operates on macOS Mojave ( 10.14.4 ) and subsequently. Profile Manager supports new restrictions, payloads, and commands .
macOS 10.15 ( Server 5.9 ).
Released: October 8, 2019 Version 5.9 of macOS Server merely operates on macOS Catalina ( 10.15 ) and late. [ 2 ]
macOS 10.15 ( Server 5.10 ).
Released: April 1, 2020 Version 5.10 of macOS Server entirely operates on macOS Catalina ( 10.15 ) and subsequently. [ 2 ]
macOS 11 ( Server 5.11 ).
Released : December 15, 2020 Version 5.11 of macOS Server only operates on macOS Big Sur ( 11 ) and late. [ 2 ]
macOS 11 ( Server 5.11.1 ).
Released : May 2, 2021 Version 5.11.1 of macOS Server entirely operates on macOS Big Sur ( 11 ) and late. [ 2 ]
macOS 12 ( Server 5.12 ).
Released : December 8, 2021 Version 5.12 of macOS Server only operates on macOS Monterey ( 12 ). future versions of macOS will not be supported. [ 2 ]
- Beginning with the release of OS X 10.8 – Mountain Lion – there is only one Administrative tool – “Server.app”. This application is purchased and downloaded via the Mac App Store. This application is updated independently of macOS, also via the Mac App Store.
- This Server tool is used to configure, maintain and monitor one or more macOS Server installations.
- One purchase allows it to be installed on any licensed macOS installation.
- The following information applies only to versions of Mac OS X Server prior to Mountain Lion (10.8)
- Mac OS X Server comes with a variety of configuration tools that can be installed on non-server Macs as well:
|Operating system version||Processor||Memory||Hard drive|
|Mac OS X Server 10.4||Mac computer with an Intel, PowerPC G5, PowerPC G4, or PowerPC G3 processor||512 MB of physical RAM||10 GB of available disk space|
|Mac OS X Server 10.5||Mac computer with an Intel, PowerPC G5, or PowerPC G4 (867 MHz or faster) processor||1 GB of physical RAM||20 GB of available disk space|
|Mac OS X Server 10.6||Mac desktop or server with an Intel processor||2 GB of physical RAM||10 GB of available disk space|
|Mac OS X Server 10.7||Mac desktop or server with a 64-bit Intel processor||7 GB of available disk space|
On April 21, 2022, Apple announced that they have discontinued macOS Server and that the most popular features ( Caching Server, File Sharing Server, and Time Machine Server ) are already bundled with every copy of macOS High Sierra and late, so customers will still have access to them. Existing macOS Server customers can still download and use the app with macOS Monterey. [ 25 ]